Top 10 Small Dogs for Older Human

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BEST 10 SMALL DOGS FOR OLDER HUMANS

Dogs are wonderful pets and considered to be man’s best friend. Dogs provide companionship other than any animal pet out there. If you are an older human and interested in getting a pet dog, you might struggle a bit taking care of it.

There are different breeds, and not all are suitable for adults. Many breeds are too energetic and require a lot of walks to release their energy. 

There are factors at play that will prevent an older adult from owning a dog. The key here is to find the right type of dog that suits your abilities and lifestyle. 

But do remember that dogs have needs like grooming, walks, healthcare. Adopting a calm and house-trained dog is ideal for seniors. 

Most seniors do better with smaller dogs than big dogs because it’s much easier to take care of. 

In this article are some of the examples of small dog breeds that you could consider adopting.

1. PUG

This is Frankie. He was easy to care for as long as you were on his feeding schedule!!

Pugs are great for seniors. This breed has an excellent temperament and a generally healthy breed. 

Pug requires some little grooming weekly because they quite shed heavily. (Be ready to use a sticky lint roller for your clothes!) But do not worry. Pugs are easy to groom. 

Also, avoid extreme temperatures ( very hot or cold) because it will make your pug sick. Pugs are in the brachycephalic breed (short nose canal).

This breed provides wonderful company to its master, thus making it idle for older adults. 

Since pugs are small, it requires minimal space and will surely live comfortably in small housing space. 

Pugs have a sweet temperament, friendly and affectionate. Overall this breed is generally well behaved and healthy and is perfect for seniors. 

This cute and cuddly breed are awesome companions.

LIFE SPAN AND HEALTH ISSUES

  • Pugs can live up to 12-15 years depends on how you take care of them
  • Dog Encephalitis 
  • Canine Hip Dysplasia
  • Minor Elongated palate 
  • Obesity
  • Skin Infections
  • Allergies
  • Nerve degeneration
  • Hemivertebra

Pugs are a healthy breed, but there are common health issues you might face in the future. 

Caring for a senior pug requires a lot more proper care rather than a puppy. 

2. SHIH TZU

Shih Tzus are a gentle, affectionate, sweet, and energetic breed. This breed thrives on affection and love. 

This breed is usually healthy and requires minimal healthcare maintenance.

This Chinese Dog usually weighs under 15 pounds, has long and silky hair. Shih Tzus are small, thus making it idle for older adults. 

This breed does not shed more often than any breed, but they require grooming and trimming to make them more comfortable and cute. 

This breed also needs to be trained because some are known to have temperament problems. But they are usually friendly and happy with kids. 

LIFE SPAN AND HEALTH ISSUES

  • This breed is one of the longest living dogs. They can live 10-16 years
  • Periodontal disease
  • Renal Dysplasia 
  • Luxating patellas
  • Entropion
  • Arachnoid Cysts
  • Fold Dermatitis

It’s essential to take care of your Shih Tzu before they are diagnosed with critical health issues and will cost you thousands of dollars.

3. PEKINGESE

Micro Tea cup Pekingese

Pekingese are very loyal and affectionate breed. This breed is perfect for seniors because they are small, usually 14 pounds, and loves affection so much. 

Pekingese loves to be petted giving the name as an ultimate lapdog. They require daily brushing. 

This breed is very adaptable and can live just fine whether you have a large house or a small apartment. 

They need training because they tend to bark sometimes and might disturb some of your neighbors. 

This breed is a one-person dog that means they tend to stick to one human, making it perfect for a senior living alone. 

Pekingese is a loyal companion and will make your senior days worthwhile.

LIFE SPAN AND HEALTH ISSUES

  • This breed can live up to 12-15 years
  • Prone to dry eye and cherry eye
  • Luxating Patella
  • Pyoderma
  • Heart disease
  • Prone to Dental issues

This dog is the ultimate lapdog, and minimal attention doesn’t bother them at all. 

Though they love napping and staying indoors, they also require some walks and playtime to improve their overall health.

4. CAVALIER KING CHARLES SPANIEL

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is easygoing, adaptable, affectionate, quiet, and intelligent. 

This breed is small and typically weighs about 18 pounds at max, and very easy to train. 

This breed requires some grooming, brushing, and an occasional trip to a groomer to maintain its cuteness. 

This dog loves cuddles and snuggles. They are adaptable and are well suited to an apartment or small houses. 

They are very patient compared to the other small breeds that have temperament problems.

LIFE SPAN AND HEALTH ISSUES

  • Can live up to 9-14 years
  • Prone to heart issues
  • Mitral Valve Disease
  • Luxating Patella
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Cataracts
  • Syringomyelia 

5. CHIHUAHUA

The Chihuahua is the smaller breed of dog in the world that originated from Mexico. 

This dog makes a perfect pet for seniors because they love to stay at home and require minimal walks and exercise. 

Chihuahuas are one of the longest living breeds of dogs. However, they are prone to obesity, so watch out what you feed them. 

Chihuahua weighs only 3-6 pounds, a tiny and alert dog. This breed is a lively and loyal dog and very difficult to housetrain. 

Make sure to train them properly at the early stage.

LIFE SPAN AND HEALTH ISSUES

  • Can live an outstanding 12-20 years
  • Luxating Patella
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Tracheal Collapse
  • Tooth and Gum Disease
  • Spinal Injuries 
  • Bladder and Kidney Stones

6. FRENCH BULLDOG

French Bulldogs are a lively and cheerful breed. They are a tiny but compact, muscular, and energetic dog. 

This breed tends to lack endurance and often get easily tired. They don’t shed very often, similar to other breeds. 

They require moderate exercise and activity to release their energy and to help them improve their stamina. 

French bulldog typically weighs 19-30 pounds. Their cheerful nature will make seniors’ live more fun and fulfilling.

LIFE SPAN AND HEALTH ISSUES

  • Can live up to 10-14 years
  • Respiratory System Disorder
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Ear Disorder
  • Hernias

7. POODLE

A poodle is an elegant breed of dog. They are lively, energetic, and intelligent, and among the smartest dog breeds. 

This breed is highly trainable and affectionate to their owners. Poodles require 2-3 times grooming because they don’t shed as much as the other breed. 

An intelligent breed is idle for anyone, including seniors. This breed can be protective or aggressive, so it’s important to train them. Other than that, poodles are a polite and healthy breed.

LIFE SPAN AND HEALTH ISSUES

  • Can live up to 12-15 years
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Epilepsy
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Addisons Disease
  • Bloat

8. MALTESE

Maltese is a gentle and lively dog. They love to be around their owner and loves lap naps. 

This breed is fearless despite its small body and cute looks. Maltese is very active and loves playtime and walks but also loves staying indoors with their owner. 

They require grooming to maintain their silky white coat. They usually weigh around 4-7 pounds. 

This dog is easy to handle and train, making it a great companion for seniors. 

LIFE SPAN AND HEALTH ISSUES

  • Can live up to 12-15 years
  • Aberrant Cilia
  • Breathing Issues
  • Colitis
  • Collapsed Trachea
  • Congestive Heart Failure

9. POMERANIAN

Pomeranian is a small dog breed that is easy to handle. This breed is lively, smart, and affectionate. 

They love attention and playtime, making them a good choice for adults and seniors who loves cheerful activities. 

They usually weigh 3-7 pounds and can fit into your bag. Pomeranians have fluffy coats that should be brushed at least 2-3 times a week to maintain their beautiful shiny coat. 

Pomeranians tend to be loud and energetic, so make sure you train how to behave.

LIFE SPAN AND HEALTH ISSUES

  • Can live up to 12-16 years
  • Patella Luxation
  • Breathing Issues
  • Collapsed Trachea
  • Reverse Sneezing
  • Hair loss
  • Hypothyroidism           

10. BOSTON TERRIER

Boston Terriers are a perfect breed for seniors. They are a versatile and social dog. They love to be with you all the time. 

This dog is easy to train and well mannered. They are very friendly, making them an idle companion for seniors. 

This breed requires minimal grooming because they have slick short hair. They typically weigh 10-25 pounds. 

These dogs are affectionate and emphatic to their owners. They are the perfect option if you’re living in an apartment.

LIFE SPAN AND HEALTH ISSUES

  • Can live up to 13-15 years
  • Otitis 
  • Colitis
  • Conjuvitis
  • Cherry Eye
  • Dermatitis
  • Corneal Ulcers
  • Gastritis
  • Periodontal Disease

Dogs Can Help With Companionship

Pets are a source of companionship, motivation for people. They can relieve depression, stress, and anxiety. 

They help us to live happier and more active. Having a pet in your home can have a calming effect. Dogs are the greatest pet companion a man can have. 

Some studies show that owning a pet dog can ease depression, lower blood pressure, elevate serotonin and dopamine, and fewer visits to their doctor. 

It’s never too late to have a pet dog, even if you are already a senior. Age is not important as long as you can give their needs, especially their health. 

It’s also important to know what breed suits your lifestyle and environment meant. The breed in this list are senior-friendly, have a good temper, and can be trained easily.

What Causes ‘Gas’ in Dogs

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Flatulence: Excess gas inside the stomach and intestines.

Flatus: Gas is expelled from the anus.

Common Cases of ‘Gas’ in Dogs

The most common food sources for the formation of ‘gas’ in dogs are indigestible carbohydrates, especially soluble and boiling fibers, and less digestible meat products. High-quality meat products in particular can cause bad gas due to high levels of indoles, phenols and sulfur derivatives. Here are some dietary supplements, physical conditions, and behavioral patterns that may encourage dog ‘gas’.

Food Allergies

A very high percentage of dogs with allergies or food allergies may have a lot of gas as a symptom. Putting them on a diet that is low in fiber, no novelty or protein intake does not need to happen to stop that problem. It may happen in some cases, but it does not mean that it is the only integer that is causing more than normal gas. 

Beans (The Magical Fruit!)

Soy beans and other bean foods are often suggested as a reason for people and dogs to swell with gases inside the intestines and stomach. However, allowing the intestines to adapt to any given diet — with or without soy — will reduce gas production. Also, a sudden change in diet can increase gas in some dogs.

Getting Into Other Sources

Dogs that enter the garbage can, invade cat food or cat litter-boxes, or roam the local “horse-drawn” pasture are at high risk due to irritation. Be sure to watch what they are getting into.

Table residues

One has to always look at the remains of the table. As an example, some owners should not forget that their dogs may be lactose intolerant, so a piece of cheese can be a source of gas. Vets also recommend that owners avoid giving table scraps. This will also make your dog beg for people food at the table!

Food Management

Try ways to feed healthier meals. Make healthy meals for pets that need to lose weight slowly . Changing the microflora or changing the type and amount of unhealthy foods that enter the large intestine can have an impact. Whenever we change their diet in any way, shape or form, the product will be a change in the GI microflora. We can plan ahead by choosing a change in diet that will bring about positive change rather than opposition to negative change. 

Are You Feeding the Right Food?

Researchers call the area “a gray area.” We often think that we are on top of things, but sometimes we are not. We have long been talking about oligosaccharides (carbohydrates (sugars) in that they are indigestible in the stomach and small intestine) that are not eaten by other foods such as soy products. However, when research focused on soy products, they actually found that those oligosaccharides did not appear to be the cause of the deception. 

Researchers take history of dieting carefully and often recommend changes in low-fiber, highly digestible foods. It doesn’t have to be too low, the fiber is just lower than the current diet.

Look at the Ingredients

Be sure to check the ingredients!

Some of the [medicinal] intestinal foods can be helpful. Even if one looks at it carefully, as sometimes the fat content can be very high in each animal. Protein novels or hydrolyzed foods are a good choice because a dog with an upset stomach may have an allergy [or hypersensitivity] as the underlying cause. Some canned foods on sale may contain guar gum or starch resistant to the rule. One has to know exactly what is in the diet. 

Changing What Happens in the Gut

Argument is that solving the TB problem requires the use of a substrate and changing the microflora at the same time. Protein-escape proteins are thought to be one of the major components of clostridial bacteria. Those bacteria often use and/or break them. When that happens the gut has to rearrange how bacteria is used. It is thought that protein maldigestion will cause malodor, but eventually anything that causes fermentation (e.g., soluble fibers) will cause more gas release.

“I’m so bloated. I just need to fart!”

If you are trying to reduce gas, I would definitely prescribe a healthy diet. It is also possible to measure protein in a certain way. It depends on each dog, whether how much the dog has eaten, its status, and whether you are trying to reduce weight of your dog. If protein is a problem, you will want to increase in protein digestion. So, in general, when constipation is a problem, you’ll want food that can be digested easily.

Environmental Management

Reducing the amount of air swallowed can help some dogs. Owners can also look for ways to reduce the stress associated with eating. Allowing a dog to tend to eat in a quiet environment lessens the excitement while eating. Competitive eating is a potential problem, so make sure there are no other dogs around to encourage the dog to eat faster and breathe more.

Slow feeder dog bowls are a great way to slow down your pooch’s eating.

Another way of treating this problem is feeding small, frequent meals. It can reduce the amount of air swallowed by dogs, as well as mixing dry and canned food.

With brachycephalic breeds, surgery to correct conditions such as soft palate or stenotic nares may help reduce aerophagia.

Final Thoughts on ‘Gas’

No matter what the cause, whether it is an eating disorder or a possible GI disease, cheating on dog nutrition can cause real problems for dogs and their owners. If the situation is serious, it can make the dog uncomfortable again.

“I just crop dusted the whole gas station!”

Hopefully pet owners will work with their veterinarian to treat their dog and solve the problem, not lose a dear friend who can’t help free up the thick clouds of polluting gases. Veterinarians who insist on finding a solution help ensure that their patient stays at home and is not sent to a behavioral shelter that they cannot control.

Walking in the Rain With Your Dog

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Does Your Dog Like the Rain?

Some dogs love being outdoors, especially in the rain. They love exploring the world and the next street corner. You might be tired of the same scenery day after day, but your dog doesn’t care about that. Your canine might go through the same street over and over again and they won’t mind, because they focus on the smell.

Sniffing in the Rain

Dog’s most powerful tool is their nose, and they use it to get familiar with space, people, and other animals. Thanks to their ability to sniff, they can find their way home. So, any walk – no matter how short it may be – is a real adventure to your canine. Plus, walks are mandatory to keep your dog healthy and happy.

Exercise

“It’s starting to RAIN!!”

On top of that, walks are a great way to give your dog the exercise they need. Some days are better for a calm stroll than others are.

There are dogs that really love water and won’t mind running in the rain, while there are those who can’t stand a single drop of water on their back.

Some Dogs Dislike the Rain

“Why does it have to be raining?”

They are so against walking in the rain, that they would hold on and miss potty time for hours.

Yet, this isn’t a healthy habit, and your dog should be taught to go out even on rainy days at least for a few minutes to do their business.

Here is how to make walking your dog in the rain a practical and fun experience.

Walking In The Rain Tips

Dog owners know that once you get a dog, you need to do whatever is in your power to keep them happy and healthy. That includes walking in the rain. Therefore, most dog owners will have no issues walking their dogs all year round.

You may love the rain or hate it, but you can’t avoid it as a dog owner. Here is how to stay dry, all year round.

Weather-appropriate Clothing

You shouldn’t avoid rainy days. Yes, rainy days are more challenging when you have a pet, especially if your pet has a white coat like a Pomeranian or White Swiss Shepherd.

“I already took a bath in that mud puddle!”

Although you should think about cleaning their paws and stomach, you shouldn’t forget about your own outfit first.

You shouldn’t get sick. Who would take care of your dog if you can’t leave your home?! Think about that and dress well. Make sure that you invest in weather-appropriate clothing for both you and your dog. There are many models to choose from raincoats and rain boots for your canine. These items are carefully designed to keep them dry and happy.

Plus, they really look adorable with a raincoat on.

“I need a better raincoat. My legs are still getting wet!”

Take Extra Care of Paws

Dog boots are great gear when it’s snowing. Dogs’ paws are sensitive and industrial salt spread on the streets can harm their paws. They may become inflamed, and a strong feeling of irritation can occur, that must be treated with specific medications.

To avoid this, veterinarians recommend using winter/rainy boots when their is snow.

Yet, some owners choose to put boots on their dogs even when it’s raining. Before you decide to do this, know that dogs prefer their paws free of extra clothing.

Coming In From the Rain

Once you return from your walk, make sure that you clean the paws properly and dry them well. It’s best to use a soft cloth. For extra protection and healthier paws, you can shop paw protectors.

For muddy paws, this is an easier alternative.

Think About Visibility

It would be hard to see this woman with her dog!

Rain usually comes with bad weather. The lighting is often non-existing when it rains, plus it can be challenging to see clearly outside your car when heavy rain pours. With that in mind, you should think about visibility. In fact, visibility is one of the most important aspects of walking dogs in rain.

If you and your puppy are protected and easy to spot, you are in fact safe from a potentially unsafe situation. Have at least one cloth item with reflective strips on your gear, to make sure that you are visible in traffic.

For your dog, you can have a light up collar or a vest with reflective straps on.

Make The Walks Short and Sweet When There’s Rain

“I hate this crap!”

Long walks are usually reserved for warmer days of the year, so you don’t have to force them during the rainy ones.

Your dog’s safety and comfort come first, so if there is heavy rain, shorten the walk. It should be long enough until your dog wishes to go inside. It’s usually enough to let them go to the toilet. Then they will be ready to be a couch potato for the rest of the day.

Inside Games When it is Raining

“You better not trick me!”

Since dogs love playing, on rainy days you should focus on indoor games. There are great ways to keep your dog entertained indoors as well.

Be Nice When it Rains

Human: “You just have to potty right there and come back in.” Dog: “I better not get wet!”

As a general rule, you should monitor your dog’s behavior and respect their wish and never force them to stay outside longer than needed.

If your dog is uncomfortable with the conditions, make enough place for their safety and health.

Go to the Dog Park (By Car)

“I love running around with friends in the rain.”

If you want to reduce exposure to the rain as much as possible, you should ride in a car. You can give your dog a ride to the dog park, have fun there, and head home to a dry and warm place.

While in the dog park, you can probably find a sheltered area. It tends to be muddy in the dog park, so bring enough towels to clean your canine before they jump back into the car.

Don’t forget to use a car seat covering when heading to a dog park on a rainy day. These seat covering should trap the hair of dogs that shed a lot, and save your time from washing your car. Coverings are washable and reusable, making them a must-have dog gear.

Beware of Puddles

Dogs love messy areas. In fact, the bigger the puddle, the more fun they will have. To you, drinking out of a muddy puddle can seem disgusting, but for them it’s perfect. To avoid a complete disaster, keep your dog on a short leash when walking past puddles.

Rain brings debris, dirt, and oils and they join the water and end up in stagnant puddles. This can make them very sick and will need to see a veterinarian immediately. In some cases, dogs can contract leptospirosis (an infectious bacteria disease) or other diseases. (There is a vaccine for leptospirosis.)

Keeping Your Car and Home Clean and Dry

As mentioned earlier, always have a towel for paws and body cleaning. You need to dry those paws and legs, and probably the stomach area, properly. If your dog has long hair, you might think about blow-drying if your dog allows it. It’s important to dry your dog as soon as you come home.

Think about house rules. Where can your dog can go when their fur is wet? You should train them not to jump on the couch until they are completely dry. Blocking other areas can be helpful as well, like blocking access to bedrooms.

The Bottom Line

Dogs are happy to spend time with their owners, regardless of the weather. As long as they feel loved and comfortable they won’t mind walking in bad weather.

Walking in the rain shouldn’t become a dramatic problem. It’s all about how well you train your dog.

Take it slow, step by step. Have the right rain gear that your dog is comfortable in. With all that, walking in a rain shouldn’t be an issue.

Walking a dog in rain is a mandatory part of being a responsible dog owner, and getting outdoors is beneficial both for you and your dog. Regular walks are mandatory if you want to have a healthy pet. Enjoy every rainy walk!

26 Helpful “Dog Chart” That Owners Should Have Around

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“Dog Chart” to Help You Take Care of Your “Fur Baby”

Scanning through long posts can take hours to find what you are looking for. I’ve found the best chart for each dog problems and questions people regularly have. Go ahead and print these out for guidance and sharing!

1. This dog body language translation chart to help you decode your pup’s many strange behaviors!!!


2. This chart on how much exercise your dog’s breed should get every day.


3. This incredibly insightful chart on how dogs sleep (FACT: Dogs don’t follow a binary sleeping pattern like we do!!!)


4. This adorable chart on where the world’s dog breeds are from originally!!!


5. This graphic on dog breeds and their many varying characteristics


6. Benefits of positive reinforcement training!!!!


7. This chart on how dogs age, with Tom Hanks as the reference, naturally


8. This quick lil’ dog leash etiquette lesson


9. This how-to on the Heimlich maneuver, aka how to help your dog if they’re ever choking on something


10. This potentially lifesaving info on heat stroke


11. This handy-dandy dog barking decoder


12. This infographic on the most common health issues for popular breeds


13. This fascinating chart on wolf-to-dog evolution!!!!!!


14. This VERY important guide on car safety for pupperinos!


15. This brief chart on puppy dog eyes, among other things!


16. This helpful chart on which fruits your dog can and can’t eat


17. And this guide on lots of other safe and not-so-safe foods!


18. Easy-to-digest chart on the different types of service dogs, for anyone who might be a little confused


19. How to do CPR on your dog (in case of emergencies)


20. Which over-the-counter meds should be OK to give to your pup (but be sure to double-check with your vet, just to be safe!)


21. How to *properly* clean your stinky one’s ears


22. This guide on how to train your dog with hand signals


23. Of course, I had to include a tail translation guide!!!


24. Need more info on dog behaviors? How about facial expressions and noises?!


25. This Chew-o-meter for anyone who needs help picking out a new chew for their fur baby!


26. And lastly, this sweet lesson on filling your dog’s “emotional cup”

I hope these simple guides help you build a wonderful bond with your fur baby!

40 Pics of Stretchy Dog Skin Cuteness

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40 Stretchy Dogs With Extra Skin ‘Squish’ And Extra Cuteness

You Can’t Resist a Dog With Squishy Cheeks

Dogs are known for a lot of qualities. They are loyal, affectionate, obedient, and very intelligent. But the most prominent thing is that they are extremely cute. Nobody can deny that. Dogs are adorable inside and out. If you have a dog around you and you are stressed out, the stress won’t stay for long. Dogs are everyone’s favorite because they know exactly how to cheer someone up. Be it their hilarious shenanigans or their adorable stretched skin faces. Everything works for us.

Just Have to Squish Cheeks

When you find something really cute, you end up squishing its cheeks because it is irresistible. So a lot of dogs get their skin flaps and scruffs stretched by their humans as a sign of love and affection. Scroll down below to see 40 adorable dogs with stretchy skin. And don’t worry, none of them are in pain. They all love it.


1. This poor pup is probably wondering why they are dreaming about their lips getting stuck.

2. The Shibu Stretch!

3. “Very funny guys. I know I have huge cheeks!”

4. “No matter how much you stretch my face, my tongue will not go back inside!”

5. “Stop! You’re making me self conscious of my extra skin!”

6. “I would look way cooler if you didn’t hold out my jaws like wings.”

7. “Yes, I have extra cheek skin. Am I going to get a treat soon?”

8. “Yeth hooman, I have a big thmile!”

9. “I look like a lizard!”

10. “I saved some bread for you. Thorry, it might be a little soggy!”

11. “Stretch all you want. You won’t get rid of my wrinkles!”

12. “Is this what they call a face lift!”

13. “I look so handsome with a big smile.”

14. “I keep telling you my lips get in the way!”

15. “Doctor, can you give me a facelift?”

Taking Care of Dog’s Skin and Winkles

The PDSA had an interview where they explained how to take care of a dog’s sagging skin, winkles and folds. “Dogs have an area on the back of their necks called the scruff where the skin is a little more loosely attached to the body than in other areas. Sometimes, you can feel it moving as you stroke or scratch your dog, but it still has the same nerves and stretch sensitivity as the rest of the skin. It’s important not to pull on any part of your dog’s skin as over stretching their skin can be really painful, just like it would be for a person. This also applies to the scruff of the neck,” PDSA vet Anna explained.

Scruffs

Unlike cats, we should not pick up dogs from the scruffs of their necks. “Instead, if you need to pick up your dog, support them under their chest and back legs to carry them. If they’re a bigger dog, try using a big blanket or a board with the help of a friend or family member if you need to lift them for any reason. Find out more on our first aid guide,” she shared.

Loose Skin Breeds

Shar Peis, French Bulldogs, Pugs, Boxers, and Basset Hounds have naturally loose skin, but other dogs can also develop scruffs and wrinkles due to weight gain. “People often think of skin folds on a dog’s face, but they can also be found in other places, especially if a dog is overweight, for example around their tail, back end or at the tops of their legs.”

Skin Folds

It is essential to clean a dog’s skin folds as they cam develop skin fold dermatitis, which is a terrible infection that affects the “pockets” between skin folds. “The skin in the folds is often very warm and damp, so yeast and bacteria that live on the skin naturally can overgrow, leading to irritated, red, and smelly skin which is itchy and uncomfortable for your dog. If left untreated, skin fold dermatitis can result in ulcers and sores in the folds which can be very painful.”

How to Clean Skin Folds

You can clean your dog’s skin folds by using cooled boiled water, or apply salt water using cotton wool pads. “Be especially careful when cleaning folds near your dog’s eyes. If your dog finds this really uncomfortable, there could be a problem or infection in one of the folds so it’s best to get them checked by your vet. It’s important not to use any other products (such as creams or shampoos) on the skin folds unless you’ve been advised to by your vet—in many cases these can make any irritation or itching worse,” the vet warned.

Brush your dog to maintain a healthy coat. “If they are dirty or muddy, it’s best to just use water to wash them. There are plenty of pet shampoos on the market and these are suitable for most pets, but using them too regularly can lead to dry skin or skin irritation, especially if your pet’s skin is sensitive or they have a skin problem,” she warned. “There are prescription, medicated shampoos available which can help some skin conditions, ask your vet for advice to find out what’s best for your pet.” If you don’t trust them, just use water.

Skin Care

“Many owners worry about their pet’s skin, and sometimes it can be hard to know if your dog has a skin problem. All dogs will lick or scratch now and then and in many cases, it’s nothing to worry about—it’s just part of them grooming their coat. However, if your dog is itching all the time, is making their skin red, they’re losing lots of fur, they have a rash or bumpy skin or you think they may have a wound or infection, it’s best to contact your vet for advice,” Anna said.

Skin Conditions

“There are many causes of skin conditions, from allergies and wounds to fleas, mites, and infections. Some dogs will have a skin problem just once in their lifetime, but for many, skin issues need life-long management or treatment. Fortunately, there are lots of things you can do to help keep your dog comfortable and happy, including medication, special diets, and supplements. The key thing is to get help for your dog early—most skin problems get worse over time and become more difficult to treat.”

Lumps

If you see any irregular lumps forming on your dog’s skin, check with a vet. “They will be able to check the lump and discuss the next options for your pet. Although many owners worry that a new lump could be cancer, there are actually many different causes for lumps and many of these can be treated and won’t lead to more serious problems for your pet. However, it’s better to get any lumps or bumps checked sooner rather than later, especially if they have come up quickly, seem red or painful, or are causing issues for your dog.”

16. “You’ve turned me into a stingray!”

17. Happy face flaps!

18. “My smile goes all the way to my eyes.”

19. Face Smoosh VS. Flying face.

20. “Are you checking to make sure I took that pill?”

21. “Any tighter and I won’t be able to open my eyes!”

22. “Are you telling me I have big cheeks?”

23. “My face can stretch really wide!”

24. “You better be careful stretching my cheekers.”

25. “Why do I look like a quokka?”

26. “I can also stretch my tongue!”

27. “You’ve stretched so much, my ears are gone!”

28. Whose got a big smile!

29. “I believe I can fly!”

30. “My face is going to stay like this if you keep stretching.”

31. “I can fit a lot in my cheeks for later!”

32. How to make a heart faced pug!

33. “This is so humiliating. I don’t go stretching out your extra skin.”

34. I believe this might be a pillow!

35. “I look like a goofy polar bear.”

36. “That’s what happens when you lose so much fat.”

37. “That’s what I call a French smoosh!”

38. “I didn’t know I had wings on my face!”

39. “Why do you love my face to look derpy?”

40. “I’ll always be your little chipmunk.”

Tried Stretching Your Own Dog’s Cheekers?

Did seeing these images make you want to stretch your dog’s cheeks too? Have you tried this on them?

Zoomies: Why Does a Dog Run Around Crazily?

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Why Do Dogs Run In Circles?

“I’m getting that weird sensation to run really fast?”

Dog zoomies are periods of frantic activity in which a dog runs around in circles, and seems to be unaware of their surrounds. Zoomies are more common in puppies, but can happen in dogs of any age. They do it without noticing what’s going on around them, what they break, or who they knock over in the process.

When the zoomies happens indoors, it can leave the rest of the family in quite a state. But is this behavior dangerous, beyond the risk to your furniture and ankles? Why do dogs run in circles?

And what can you do to stop them getting so out of control?

Let’s find out what causes the dog zoomies, why dogs do it. Also how you can reduce or manage your dog when they run around like crazy.

Is This the Dog Zoomies?

  • Does your dog suddenly run madly around the house like a wild animal, low to the ground with legs bent?
  • Do their eyes look a little crazy?
  • Is their butt tucked underneath them?
  • Do they appear to have no regard for their own safety or your best china?

If so, you’re probably watching a case of the zoomies dog in action

The word ‘zoomies’ really does sum up this crazy behavior very well.

What Do Dog Zoomies Look Like?

A dog with the zoomies isn’t just clumsy or restless. The behavior is quite distinctive, as is the posture of the dog.

It’s almost a squatting kind of run. Difficult to describe, but you’ll recognize it once you’ve seen it.

You may also see play bows interspersed with the running.

Another feature is the sudden way that they start. A dog with this case will break into a flat out gallop from a standing start.

Sometimes right in the middle of your living room!

There is often very little warning!

Why Does My Dog Run Around Like Crazy?

“Must go as fast as possible.”

People often use the word “crazy” to describe the zoomies dogs do.

The dog will be oblivious to any damage, often crashing into tables and knocking chairs flying.

If they are outdoors in your yard, they will often race in a big circle at break neck speed, leaning right over to turn as tight as they can.

And perhaps stopping on occasion to spin around and set off in the opposite direction.

They may well not hear your pleas to “Stop” or “Look Out”.

The zoomies don’t last long. But they can leave a trail of destruction behind them. And for a new dog owner, they can be quite shocking.

  • So what exactly is going on here?
  • Has a dog with the zoomies got a problem?
  • Or is the problem all yours?
  • Why do dogs run in circles like this?

Let’s discover what the scientists say.

F-r-a-p Dog Behavior

Of course, biologists have come up with another name, so you’ll also hear zoomies referred to as ‘frapping’

Frapping dog is not an expletive (though you might feel inclined to use one)!

Frap is an abbreviation:

F = frenetic
R = random
A = activity
P = period

And it’s a pretty self explanatory one.

Why Do Dogs Get the Zoomies?

So why do dogs run in circles like this?

We don’t know exactly why some dogs are prone to frapping and other dogs aren’t.

We do know that the frapping dogs do are more common during time periods when a dog is full of energy. In other words They haven’t been exercised for a while, or has been shut in the house for a few hours. Sometimes you’ll see a play-bow before the frapping start!

Some dogs never get the zoomies, no matter how full of energy they are, and others get them frequently. So that isn’t the only explanation.

Some dogs may have a particular trigger or triggers. Such as after grooming, a game or a bath. Though if this is your dog’s only trigger, this may not be a true case of the zoomies.

Why Do Dogs Run Around After a Bath?

If your dog races around after their bath, they might not have the zoomies. They may just be expressing their delight at the bath being over.

Other dogs will zoom around with their head on the ground and their butt in the air after a bath, as they try to rub themselves dry on your carpets.

Again, it isn’t quite the same as the frapping, which involves that distinctive posture I describe above.

And a dog that is just drying themselves will be more responsive to you than a dog frapping.

So how can you tell if your dog is about to get the zoomies? Is it possible to recognize the signs?

Frapping – Dog On the Brink!

Zoomies are most common in dogs that are puppies or quite young, that haven’t had much exercise in the last few hours, and that are starting to get a bit excited, or playful.

Play bows can be a sign.

If your dog has had the zoomies in the past and starts to play bow indoors, there is a good chance you are about to see a case of the zoomies.

While dog frapping is not in anyway linked with aggression, occasionally a young dog will start nipping during frapping behavior.

Dog Zoomies – Biting

If your dog is nipping or biting during an attack of frapping, you need to change the way you manage them.

Avoid physically handling them and stop any game you might have been playing. They need to have a chance to calm down.

If you can open a door and let the dog outside to burn up some energy in your yard, then do so.

Are the Zoomies Harmful to My Dog?

Dog zoomies are not intrinsically harmful. They won’t give your dog a seizure or take them into some kind of permanent emotional melt down.

Despite the clumsiness of dogs that get the zoomies, they don’t usually hurt themselves in any significant way, especially outdoors.

The zoomies is also not usually a sign that they are sick.

If your dog has had the puppy zoomies on a regular basis since they joined your family, this is just ‘normal for them’. It’s how they let off their extra energy. You don’t need to worry. Except about your good china!

However, if a previously very calm dog suddenly starts to run in circles on a regular basis, consider having a chat with your vet. Especially if nothing has altered in the family routine that could have caused them to have some extra energy to let off.

This change in behaviour could possibly be a sign of another problem.

Are the Dog Zoomies Dangerous?

As we’ve seen above, zooming dogs are not usually a danger to themselves. But do be extra careful if you have a dog at higher than usual risk of injury.

If your zoomie-prone dog has had stitches for any reason, for example, you might want to avoid any known triggers for their zoomies.

And to consider how to safely give them enough exercise, to reduce their pent up energy.

Dogs with the zoomies don’t usually crash into each other.

But if you have a second dog in the house who is frail, elderly, injured or sick, you may want to protect them from a zoomie-inclined companion.

For example, escort them to safety when the zoomies begin!

And equally, a dog with the zoomies could knock down a toddler or an elderly or unsteady adult. This isn’t common, but it is something for owners of high energy dogs to be aware of.

What To Do When Your Dog Gets the Zoomies

Don’t be tempted to chase your dog when they get the zoomies, indoor or out. Chasing them is likely to excite them even further.

Move them outdoors if at all possible

You can have a lot of success with simply opening the back door and waving the dog outside the instant the zoomies begin. (As long as you have a fenced-in yard or you know they won’t get away.)

If the zoomies dogs are a big problem for you, think about what might have triggered them so that you can work on preventing or reducing them in the future.

How to Prevent Dog Zoomies

Because dog zoomies is normal behavior you don’t need to do anything. You can help your dog learn to express this behavior in your yard, rather than around your coffee table.

But, you may find that offering your dog more ways to dispel their energy helps to reduce frapping episodes, or even stop them from doing it altogether

Exercise will help to prevent the zoomies. Dogs won’t normally zoom when they are physically tired.

Mental stimulation helps too. Dogs may be more prone to the zoomies when they are bored. A couple of training sessions each day will help to exercise your dog’s mind

Most dogs are more likely to have the zoomies when they are already in a playful of excited state. So learning how to calm a puppy or an older dog will help you.

Dog Zoomies – Summary

A dog with the zoomies is not going mad. Nor are they bad or dangerous.

Apart from the risk of tripping over something or smashing up the furniture, the zoomies isn’t harmful for dogs.

Frapping or zoomies is a normal dog behavior but if it’s causing you a problem, there are steps you can take to reduce it. Increases in exercise and training are the most effective solutions.

Dogs can be taught that zooming is only appropriate outdoors. And if you are alert to your dog’s triggers, you can anticipate most cases of the dog zoomies and move them into your yard.

Frankie’s and Chloe’s Way of Zoomies

“MOM, did you see me running up and down the hall as fast as I could?”

Little pug Frankie would always get excited when playing and would tuck his little butt and start running at full speed up and down the hallway. I could never get a picture because he was always a blur! After his episode of zoomies, he would then blow all his snot out his nose!

“Wanna see me do zoomies in the snow?”

When Chloe was younger, she would get the zoomies and go flying up and down our stairs! I do not recommend having your dog do this because Chloe tore both her CCL joints (knee joints like ACL in people). That was an expensive surgery!

Now she just does zoomies outside (usually after a poo! LOL) and when we are getting ready for a walk.

Make Dog Treats Yourself For Your Best Friend

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Make Dog Treats Yourself: 3 Easy and Quick Recipes

Oh, is the dog biscuit jar empty again? Then it’s time to replenish them. But who says that you always have to buy more dog treats? You can also easily make them yourself! I’ll show you how it’s done and present you with 3 super easy dog ​​treats recipes.

Baking Dog Treats Yourself: Advantages of DIY Treats

Making dog treats yourself has one major advantage above all: you always know what’s in the dog biscuits. Unfortunately, many industrially produced dog treats contain dyes and preservatives. Flavor enhancers, sugar, and artificial flavors are also not uncommon. With your homemade dog treats, you know 100% what is inside – and you can take into account the individual needs, demands, preferences, and, if applicable, allergies of your four-legged friend.

Since your DIY dog treats are mostly based on a few natural ingredients, they are particularly healthy, natural, and easy to digest. In addition, making dog treats yourself is often much cheaper than buying ready-made dog treats, because the ingredients do not cost much.

What Ingredients Are Allowed in Dog Treats?

When it comes to baking your own dog treats, there are almost no limits to your imagination. As in all other areas of dog nutrition, you should avoid prohibited, unhealthy and poisonous foods for dogs in your DIY biscuits. These include chocolate, alcohol, cocoa, grapes and sugar. Otherwise, you can use just about any food that your dog likes and benefits his health. The diverse selection of foods gives you unlimited recipe options. It is important that you can puree the food into a dough and bake it.

The most popular ingredients that keep appearing in many recipes are:

  • Fish, (e.g. Tuna)
  • Beef
  • Poultry
  • Ground beef
  • Oatmeal
  • Cream Cheese
  • Carrots
  • Bananas
  • Eggs
  • Spinach
  • Whole Wheat Flour

What’s the Best Way to Store Homemade Dog Treats?

A big advantage of homemade dog treats is that they do not contain any preservatives. However, this also means that they do not last as long as industrially manufactured products. As a rule, the dog treats are plastered off relatively quickly – that’s how it should be!

Nevertheless, you can turn a few adjusting screws to ensure the longest possible durability.

In general, the drier the homemade dog biscuits are, the longer they last. Moist dog treats can unfortunately mold quickly – you should definitely avoid that! To dry out your homemade dog treats as well as possible, you can do the following:

  1. After baking, let the biscuits dry out in the oven (with the oven door open and 50–100° C).
  2. Do not pack the DIY dog biscuits in a can immediately after cooling, but leave them in the air for half a day to a full day before you store them.
  3. Pack the dog treats in classic tin cookie jars or in fabric bags so that no moisture can develop inside. Airtight plastic is unsuitable.
  4. Choose ingredients that have a long shelf life. Whole grains and oats, for example, last longer than meat and fish.

As a rule of thumb, homemade dog treats can be kept for around 3 to 4 weeks on average. The shelf life is extended by several weeks in the refrigerator as long as no moisture penetrates. They can be stored frozen for several months.

DIY Dog Treats: 3 Simple and Tasty Recipes

The good thing about our delicious DIY dog biscuits is that you don’t need a lot of ingredients or fancy kitchen utensils for them. The easiest way to implement the recipes is with a food processor or a strong one. Alternatively, you can use a hand blender or even a simple whisk to prepare the dough for your DIY dog treats. In addition, cookie cutters and a rolling pin will make your work easier. If you don’t have them at hand, the cookies can also be shaped easily by hand.

Which recipe is “right” for you? Below we present our 3 favorite recipes for homemade dog biscuits. If one or the other recipe doesn’t quite suit you and your dog, we want to motivate you to try it out. There are many recipe ideas on the internet, but only you know your dog’s preferences and needs.

Therefore: Just get started, try out our recipes, and vary them from time to time. Look what supplies you still have at home and then simply test your baking skills!

Recipe No. 2: Cheese crunchy pearls

Preparation time (including baking time):approx. 35 min

Ingredients:

  • 100g of grated cheese
  • 100g of cottage cheese
  • 1 egg
  • 50g crumbled crispbread (or crunchy oat flakes)
  • 1 tbsp sunflower oil
  • some water if the batter is too firm

How to make it:

Mix all the ingredients together (ideally with a hand blender) and shape the dough into small balls. Place the cheese balls on a baking sheet lined with baking paper and press them into small thalers with a tablespoon. Bake the DIY dog biscuits at 180°C top and bottom heat for about 25 minutes and then let them air dry for one night.

Homemade Dog Treats For In Between or As a Healthy Gift Idea

Baking dog treats yourself is fun, healthy, does not cost a lot, and is easier than you think! Over time, you will learn which ingredients work best for you and your four-legged friend, and you can make them happy with tasty DIY biscuits.

Since you alone determine the size, ingredients and taste of your homemade dog biscuits, you can bake delicious chews as well as small training bites that your dog can tolerate well. The DIY dog biscuits are also suitable as a great gift idea for other dog owners – ideal for Christmas, for a birthday or just for in between. Great fun for all dog lovers!

How To Tell If Your Dog Is In Pain And What To Do To Help

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Is Your Dog Telling You They’re In Pain?

“I wish I could tell you how I’m feeling.”

Some dogs will let you know when they’re painful in obvious ways, but others act more stoic. Dogs are generally thought to have a higher tolerance for pain than humans, and some dogs will try to hide their pain as a natural survival instinct.

Many of the signs that a dog is painful are subtle, so it’s easier to recognize them if you know what’s normal with your pet. Being aware of your dog’s normal activities and behavior will help you recognize changes that might indicate pain.

Here are six signs that your dog might be feeling painful and what you should do about it.

1. Limping

One of the most straightforward symptoms of pain is limping. This can be a sign of injury, sore paw, or even a reaction to the pain associated with arthritis.

If your dog is reluctant to go up stairs, is slow to get up in the morning, or walks stiffly, it may be arthritis pain, especially if your dog is older. Many dogs suffer from arthritis, but there are ways to help ease the pain. Ask your vet about medications and other treatments.

Back and neck problems happen a lot in dachshunds, but any breed can injure themselves.

Mobility issues and changes in posture are also indicators of a problem that needs medical attention.

2. Vocalization

“AAHHHHHH!! I think I just pulled a muscle!”

The closest thing to speaking for a dog is whining and whimpering, and a dog who cries out painfully is trying to tell you that something hurts bad. Carefully examining your dog’s body may help you discover where the pain is.

A dog who’s usually vocal may become quiet when they’re painful, which is why it’s important to be familiar with your dog’s normal behavior.

Changes in how often your dog barks, whines, or makes other vocalizations can definitely be a sign that something is wrong.

3. Stomach Ache Or Loss of Appetite

“My tummy doesn’t feel right. I shouldn’t have gotten into the trash and ate that old pizza!”

It’s not always easy to recognize tummy troubles in a dog, but here are some signs:

  • Excessive drooling
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea

If a dog is hurting, they’re less likely to eat normally. Watch for loss of appetite that might indicate pain from a stomach ailment, oral discomfort, or other conditions.

If it lasts more than a day, a visit to the vet is in order.

4. Panting

Excessive panting, especially when accompanied by trembling, can be a signal that your dog is painful.

While panting is fairly normal for dogs, you should take notice if they pant at odd times or for no reason. If you notice your dog panting in the middle of the night or in an air conditioned room, check for other indications of pain.

Pain can cause changes in breathing, including an irregular respiratory rate.

5. Restlessness Or Changes In Sleep Habits

“I just can’t fall asleep feeling this way.”

A painful dog can feel restless and exhibit an inability to get comfortable and lie still.

Pacing, repeatedly readjusting position or getting up and down frequently are all causes for concern.

Sleep patterns can be affected as well. A dog in pain might sleep more than usual or could have difficulty sleeping.

Again, familiarizing yourself with your dog’s normal behaviors will help you determine if something is out of the ordinary.

6. Changes In Behavior And Temperament

“THAT’S THE SPOT THAT HURTS!!!!!!”

Pain can change a dog’s behavior and, just like a human, a dog can act grouchy when in pain. Some dogs become more aggressive and may even bite, especially when touched in an area that hurts. It’s the animal’s natural instinct to protect themselves to prevent further pain.

Avoidance behaviors, like shying away from contact with people and other pets are common when a dog is in pain. If your dog normally enjoys being touched and is suddenly making moves to avoid your touch, pain may be the culprit. This is sometimes coupled with depression, lethargy, and mental dullness.

Other dogs may seek more attention and act needy when in pain. Any radical or sudden behavior changes are a clear indication that your dog needs medical attention from a vet.

What To Do If You Suspect Your Dog Is In Pain

It’s important to keep your dog from suffering and to keep minor problems from becoming major ones. Be gentle, and don’t make the pain worse while you’re attempting to locate the cause.

Do not medicate your dog yourself. Human medications for pain and inflammation are dangerous and can be toxic for an animal, especially in the wrong dosage or when combined with other medications. You can call your veterinarian to ask what you can give until your appointment to keep your dog comfortable.

There are many reasons the animal could be in pain, and some of them might indicate a more serious issue. Chronic pain triggers like arthritis can be managed well with your vet’s help.

Go See Your Veterinarian

If you suspect that your dog is in pain, don’t hesitate to get professional help from your veterinarian right away. They can form a diagnosis and prescribe the right treatment.

This is almost always a better option than trying to treat pain in your dog, yourself. If you try to do so, you could end up doing more harm to your dog than good. So get to the vet!

Just One More Treat (How Much is Too Much?)

“I promise this is the last time I’ll ask for a treat!”

Just one more treat

I won’t ask again

Just one more treat

And I’ll go to my den

Just one more treat

It’s just a suggestion

Just one more treat

It’s good for digestion

Just one more treat

Perhaps a small bone

Just one more treat

And I’ll leave you alone

Do you feed your dog more than you should?

Pet obesity is on the rise with people feeding more food than they should. Amounts on food bags are more because those companies want you to buy more food than you should. It’s sad that many companies do this just to get more money.

“This is what I see you do everyday. Why can’t I be a couch potato too?”

Feeding your dog too much food and too many treats is not healthy for your pup. This can lead to health problems along the way.

Take my word for it! My Frankie got hefty and developed diabetes. He would act weird like he was out of his mind and start peeing on the carpet where he was standing. He seen the vet immediately.

“Mom, I’m going to pretend that I didn’t hear you call me chunky!”

He was put on insulin for the rest of his life. Getting insulin for your dog without pet insurance is very expensive. It would fluctuate between $100 – $300 for one vile. Frankie was given 3cc every morning and night which stretched the vile for about 6 months. (I have noticed that the longer you have insulin, the weaker it gets.)

He was put on a diet with special food from Science Diet for Weight and Diabolic nutrients. He lost about 12 pounds (which is a lot for a pug)!

“I’m feeling energized and ready to work after getting that extra weight off!”

Food From Vet

You will need a prescription from your vet to get this type of food. Veterinarians want to make sure your dog is getting the right nutrients for their specific condition.

Chloe is a Skinny Machine!

“Mom, it’s time to do some yoga, then we can go for a 4 mile walk!”

I educated myself more on how much a dog should be fed and limiting treats. I’ve kept Chloe at a steady weight of 50 lbs and make sure to limit treats. (Even though she will bug to get a treat!) She usually eats one or twice a day (according how much exercise we do) and gets treats in her B-A-L-L to keep her busy at times. Chloe and I try to walk everyday for around 2 miles. She can still pull me along because we aren’t going fast enough even though she’s 12 years old.

Chloe endorses this toy with her life. If we go anywhere for a day, she has to bring this toy with her. I forgot it once and she whined the whole day even though I gave her treats in other things.

“I’ll wait until you’re done working before I start bugging you to put a treat in my ball.”

Keep your pup happy and healthy!!

Dog Eye Tears And What They Mean

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Do Dogs Cry?

If you are a dog owner, then you surely understand that your canine has feelings. And research increasingly supports the view that dogs experience a range of emotions. But do dog eye tears really mean they are sad?

A study in 2016 showed that dogs are able to recognize emotions not only in other dogs but in humans too. In addition, many dog owners share stories about their dogs trying to comfort them when they are crying or upset.

Excitement, fear, love and anger are some emotions that your dog is likely to feel.

When trying to understand your canine’s emotional range and figuring out their overall health needs, you may wonder whether your dog feels sadness and cries like a human.

You also may be curious whether they cry due to pain or illness.

Keep reading and we’ll discover whether dogs feel sad and if they shed real tears.

Do Dogs Feel Sadness?

We know now that dogs experience a wider range of emotions than previously thought.

Unlike humans, dogs become emotionally mature early and have an emotional range equivalent to a two- to two-and-a-half-year-old child.

If you are familiar with toddlers, then you certainly know that they cry. Like a toddler, dogs feel emotions like fear, distress, anger, and suspicion.

These emotions are related closely to sadness. However, more complex emotions like shame and guilt never develop in dogs. So, dogs do not feel sadness quite like humans do.

Despair, remorse, depression, dejection, and misery are a few words that you might use to describe your own sadness. But when it comes to your dog, stress, discontentment, and uneasiness are better descriptors.

Do Dogs Cry When Sad?

When a dog is sad, you may see telltale signs that it is upset.

According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), canines have specific types of body language that can tell you how they are feeling.

While body language may not directly indicate a specific emotion, it can tell you if your dog is content, scared, or feeling aggressive.

Relaxed Face

Relaxed features indicate contentment. When relaxed, your dog’s mouth will be slightly open with the tongue out, and it may be panting. Its eyes may almost seem to be squinting, and the ears and tail will be in neutral positions.

Fear or Stress Face

In the case of fear or stress, your dog may take a submissive posture. Eyes will be partially closed, the ears will be pinned back against the head, and the tail will be between the legs. You may also see the mouth closed and the snout angled toward the floor.

It may seem as though your dog is cowering in front of you.

Dog In Distress

When your dog is in distress, you may notice some vocalizations.

Stress vocalizations include high-pitched barks, whimpering, and yelps. Yelps, whines, and whimpers may also indicate that your dog is experiencing pain. A dog in pain is more likely to growl or bite, so use caution if you think your dog might be suffering.

Dogs Mimic Humans

In some cases, you may even notice your canine companion mimicking human words or sounds. This is a common tactic your dog may use to show affection if you have reinforced this behavior.

While all of these things may be noted, there is one thing you will not see—your dog crying tears.

Can Dogs Cry Tears?

You may want to know, can dogs cry? Yes, dogs can shed tears.

However, they do not cry in the way we do in response to emotion. To understand dog eye tears and crying, it may help if we take a look at how a dog’s eyes are constructed.

Dogs have the same basic eye structure as other mammals. The cornea, lens, conjunctiva, and sclera make up the different tissues within the eyeball, just as they do in our eyes.

The eye sits in the orbit—or eye socket—and is protected by the upper and lower eyelids.

The tissues of the eye need to be kept moist. Moisture lubricates the tissues so the eyes can move smoothly in the socket and the eyelids can glide over the eyes.

We all know how uncomfortable dry eyes can be, and it’s the same for dogs.

Moisture also helps to wash away grit and debris that can scratch the sensitive surface of your dog’s eye.

Humans have a fairly simple lubrication system that involves the secretion of fluid from glands. They are called lacrimal glands, tear glands to you and me, and each eye has one.

These glands release fluid that is then forced over the surface of the eye with the help of your eyelids.

Do Dog Eye Tears Differ from Human Tears?

Yes, our dog’s tears are different from ours.  Dogs have much more complicated lubrication and eye moisture systems.

First, canines have a third eyelid located in the inner portion of the lower eyelids. This third eyelid, or nictitating membrane, is a clear structure that moves over the eye to protect it. It also moistens the cornea while maintaining vision and produces lymph fluid that helps prevent infection

Dogs also have three types of glands that provide moisture for the eyes. These glands work together to produce the moisture your dog needs to keep its eyes healthy and functioning properly.

They are the lacrimal glands, like humans have, the meibomian glands and mucus glands. The lacrimal glands create watery tears, the meibomian glands produce an oily tear while the mucus glands produce mucus.

When your dog blinks, these three are mixed together. This creates a thicker fluid that takes longer to evaporate and offers better protection to the eyes.

Is Your Dog Crying Tears?

No, your dog isn’t crying tears of sadness. Dogs do not cry when they are sad.

In fact, humans are the only beings that cry. According to Scientific American, humans even stand out against other primates as the only animals that cry emotional tears.

So, what is going on if you see dog tears? Well, it is likely an issue that requires the assistance of your veterinarian.

In medical terms, the excessive production of tears is called epiphora.

Epiphora is a medical condition that can be caused either by disease or a congenital disorder. In the case of a congenital disorder, your dog may be predisposed to watery eyes due to the shape of its face, particularly the eyes and nose. Excessive tears may cause red or brownish stains.

Congenital epiphora conditions are most commonly caused by the turning in of the eyelashes, the folding inward of the eyelids, or the bulging of the eyes themselves. 

Flat faced dogs like this French bulldog are vulnerable to eye problems that cause watering and tears.

Labrador Retrievers, Cocker Spaniels, Bulldogs, Pugs, and Mastiffs are just a few breeds that are prone to these sorts of issues. 

Other symptoms of epiphora include:

  • redness
  • crusting or discharge
  • eye sores or ulcers
  • odor
  • loose or inflamed skin around the eyelids
  • squinting.

If your dog is exhibiting these symptoms, speak with a veterinarian as soon as possible. Treatment should be provided right away so your dog feels as comfortable as possible.

Treatment may be as simple as applying a topical medication daily or as complicated as corrective surgery.

What Causes Dog Eye Tears?

If not caused by a congenital issue, a medical issue may be causing the eyes to water excessively.

The following conditions may result in excessive tearing:

  • foreign matter or debris in the eye
  • conjunctiva infections
  • sinusitis or acute sinus infections
  • allergies
  • tear duct obstructions
  • immune-related illnesses.

In order to diagnose the cause of epiphora, your veterinarian may need to use imaging tests to find the problem.

Specifically, X-rays may be needed to find eye abnormalities. Imaging and visual examinations may be done with contrast dyes to help your veterinarian distinguish the structures of the eye.

In situations where simple tests cannot be used to locate the issue, the veterinarian may order blood tests, MRIs, or CT scans. In cases where a serious issue is suspected, but cannot be positively identified, surgical exploration may be required.

Dog Eye Tears – Summary

Dogs produce excessive tears from their eyes in response to injury or infection or due to inherited problems with their facial anatomy.

Dogs don’t cry tears in response to emotions, such as sadness or fear, or when they are in pain.

That doesn’t mean that dogs don’t feel emotions. On the contrary, recent research shows that dogs experience and understand a range of emotions. Learning how dogs display their emotions through body language can help us understand them.

If your dog is producing excessive dog eye tears, they are likely to be sore and uncomfortable, so do get it checked out by a veterinarian as soon as possible.


Behind the Door at the Vet

I have worked in the veterinary field for many years and have seen plenty of dogs that come in because they are crying and have something going on with their eyes. The first thing the vet will do is look into their eyes with a light to make sure their pupils are dilating correctly and see if the retina is still attached to the back of the eye. Next, they will stain the eye with fluorescein be sure there are no scratches on the cornea.

This is fluorescein in the eye to check for any scratches on the cornea.
This is a test to see how dry or watery the dog’s eye is.

If the eye is bad enough, the vet might suggest surgery to remove the eye if nothing has worked. Dogs are very resilient and this only effects their depth perception and not seeing peripheral vision on that side.


References:

Albuquerque N, Guo K, Wilkinson A, Savalli C, Otta E, Mills D “Dogs recognize dog and human emotions”  The Royal Society 2016

Morris P, Doe C, and Godsell E, “Behavioural reports and subjective claims by animal owners”  Journal of Cognition and Emotion 2007

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/are-humans-the-only-prima/

https://www.merckvetmanual.com/dog-owners/eye-disorders-of-dogs/eye-structure-and-function-in-dogs